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雅思寫作開頭段怎樣寫吸引人,雅思寫作有哪些高分句式

2019-06-17 11:21:29瀏覽量:303

今天啟德考培小編給大家分享了怎樣寫好雅思寫作開頭段,趕緊來看看吧!

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  在雅思考試中,有個良好的雅思寫作開頭段就相當于成功了一半,寫好了開頭段離雅思寫作高分又近了一步。今天啟德考培小編給大家分享了怎樣寫好雅思寫作開頭段,趕緊來看看吧!

  怎樣寫好雅思寫作開頭段

  Part 1 Opinion Essay

  觀察觀點類題目的特征,我們不難發現,此類題型的特征是題目有且只有一個觀點。而題目要求我們回答的是“同意”或“不同意”的觀點。所以只要確定好自己的觀點,開頭段就可以寫出來。 例如:

  Some people believe that living in big cities is bad for health.

  Do you agree or disagree?

  如果,我們選擇同意此觀點,可以根據“背景句+直接轉述題目+個人觀點”的公式。

  These days, it is quite common to see that a growing number of people choose to settle down in large cities. (背景句) But some people argue that leading an urban life would produce negative influences on people’s health. (直接轉述題目) Personally, I agree with this idea. (個人觀點)

  如果選擇不同意題目觀點,則可以用“although”的讓步狀語從句進行改寫,得到:

  These days, it is quite common to see that a growing number of people choose to settle down in large cities. (背景句) Although some people argue that leading an urban life would produce negative influences on people’s health, (although +直接轉述題目) personally, I do not agree with this idea. (個人觀點)

  Part 2 Discussion Essay

  觀察討論類的題目,可以發現,這樣的題目會有兩個觀點,并且題目要求“討論雙方觀點”和“給出自己的觀點”。這樣的題目中,其實只用在開頭段中寫出背景句和轉述雙方觀點就好了,至于個人的觀點,可以放到personal idea的段落中。如:

  Some people think citizens should be responsible for their own health costs. Others think it is better to have a health care system which provides free health services.

  Discuss both these views and give your own opinion.

  這個題目的開頭段就可以寫為:

  People in some countries are paying an increasing amount of money for seeing a doctor, even for a minor illness. (背景句) But, still, some people assert that individuals themselves are supposed to pay for such fees. (一方觀點) However, other people disagree and suggest that it is the government’s responsibility to undertake the health costs for its citizens. (另一方觀點)

  Part 3 Advantages & Disadvantage Essay

  優劣勢的題目,一般而言都會給出一個現象或者是趨勢,這又剛好和我們開頭段中的“背景句”吻合了,所以在優劣勢文章的開頭段的時候就沒有必要再寫背景句了,直接轉述題目就可以了。但是要表達出自己的“優大于劣”或者“劣大于優”的觀點,只需要用一句話就搞定了。如:

  Shopping online is replacing shopping in stores.

  Do the advantages outweigh its disadvantages?

  開頭段可以寫為:

  These days, it is common to see that people prefer choosing online shopping to shopping in physical stores. Although some problems would occur as this trend continues, I believe such development brings more benefits.

  Part 4 Report

  其實report最簡單,因為通常題目和優劣勢文章一樣,會給出一個現象或趨勢,所以開頭段的組成部分就只有改寫題目。如:

  In many parts of the world, children and teenagers are committing more crimes.

  Why is this happening?

  What are the possible solutions to solve this problem?

  開頭段可以寫為:

  These days, it is common to see that the rate of youth crime has been increasing dramatically all over the globe and it is a most worrying issue of modern society.

      雅思寫作開頭段怎樣寫吸引人

  大作文開頭段往往要包含如下幾個關鍵內容,即介紹背景,引出有爭議的話題,闡述對立觀點和陳述作者自己的觀點。無論使用還是不使用模板,這幾個關鍵信息是一定要包含在開頭段落當中的,不然云里霧里,只能是適得其反。

  首先It is quite common these days.介紹背景,或者用The issue of ... is a complex and sensitive one。這樣的句型來引出有爭議話題,然后千篇一律地分別介紹對立雙方觀點,如Some individuals believe that..., while others hold the view that....最終用Personally, I agree with....至此,內容上完美無瑕,但恐怕考官心中已經大大打下“模板”兩個字的烙印,這無疑對于想取得6分及以上的同學最不利的事情。我們到底應該如何突破“模板病”。

  例如,一道雅思寫作高頻題目,討論到底大學應該教授實用性課程(如計算機和商科課程)還是傳統課程(如歷史和地理)。我們依然按照開頭段應該包含的關鍵信息開始寫作,但是卻可以這樣輕松突破:

  These day there is a growing tendency for college students to have difficulties in finding jobs when they graduate.(介紹背景)A large number of people hold the opinion that lack of practical knowledge, among other things, contributes to this situation. In light of this, they contend that college teachers should lay more stress on practical courses than on traditional ones. (引出有爭議的話題,并闡述大多數人的觀點)For my part, I am in favour of their viewpoint。(作者觀點)

  這一段寫得非常靈巧,第一句結合題目背景,介紹現如今有一種趨勢,即大學畢業生很難找到工作,緊接著作者陳述有許多人認為這是由于學生缺少實用性的知識,并因此提出大學應該更多關注于教授實用性的知識,這一句將有爭議話題的其中一方觀點用因果鏈條清晰闡述。最后一句表達作者自己的立場,就是支持前面大多數人的想法。總的來看,這一段只提及了對立雙方的其中一方觀點,然后表達自己支持這一方觀點。這就是一種對于開頭段模板的超越,簡單可行,只對其中一方觀點清晰論證,然后表達自己的立場,無需對另一方觀點贅述。這固然超越了八股文一樣的“一些人認為……另一些人認為……,我認為……”,而是以四兩撥千斤的方式,重點講解一方觀點,然后巧妙表達支持的態度。

  另一道可以參考的題目是有關人們認為對于罪犯不應該只是關在監獄里,而應該對他們進行教育和勞動改造這樣一道題目。我們依然給出這樣一段:

  How to handle criminals is a problem that all countries and societies face。(引出有爭議的話題)Traditionally, the approach has been to punish them by placing them in prisons to pay for what they have done. Some, however, advocate for trying to make them better with training and education and it seems they may have a good point.

  這一段在觀點描述上是“出于模板而勝于模板”的典范,范文中將觀點一演變為“傳統上,人們都采取關監獄這種方法”,這就用陳述事實的方式,巧妙避諱了直接表達有些人認為應該把犯人關在監獄里;而觀點二以及作者觀點合并為一句,用一個and巧妙連接成一個并列句。開頭段關鍵信息一網打盡。

  雅思寫作有哪些高分句式

  1.固定賓語從句

  仔細研究劍橋系列考官的范文,不難發現,小作文中常用的復合句其實就是賓語從句,定語從句和狀語從句。

  e.g. 舉個栗子,在《劍8》的Test 2考官范文中的第一句話:

  The charts show how much a UK school spent on different running costs in three separate years: 1981, 1991 and 2001.

  還有《劍7》的Test 2范文中的最后一段:

  the graph shows how the consumption of chicken increased dramatically while the popularity...

  《劍7》的Test 4的最后一段:

  it is clear that...

  大家不難發現,賓語從句常用在開頭,結尾或者兩段過渡句的寫作中。

  2.翻新定語從句

  定語從句是同學們復合句中用的最普遍的,也是最容易掌握的句式。但如果想要滿足對于定語從句的出彩使用,同學們可以參考《劍9》的Test 2范文中第四段的最后一句話:

  e.g.《劍9》Test 2 This rise was particularly noticeable between 1990 and 2000, during which time the use of mobile phones tripled.

  這里考官并沒有用“常規”的which引導的定語從句,而是使用了“介詞+關系詞”的方式,使得句子變得高大上了許多。類似的用法在《劍5》的Test 1中最后一段話也有出現。

  可以看出比較容易操作的方式是在句子后出現時間的時候,使用during which或者by which這樣的結構,可以將具體圖表變化的趨勢寫出來,或者可以直接使用關系副詞中指代時間的when。

  e.g.《劍8》Test 2 This cost decreased to only 5% of total expenditure in 1991 but rose dramatically in 2001 when it represented 23% of the school budget.

  3.巧用狀語從句

  e.g.《劍7》Test 2 Although it remained the least popular food, consumption levels were the most stable.

  這里用了讓步狀語從句來表示位置最低的線,那我們不難得出結論:在動態圖中,表述最大的數值或者最高的柱,其實都可以使用讓步狀語從句。

  比如這樣一個句子Courses made up the largest proportion in factors that influenced students’ choice and its percentage decreased from 40% to 34%.

  如果我們使用讓步狀語從句,就可以變成了:Although Courses made up the largest..., its percentage still decreased...這樣,并列句就可以很好的轉化成狀語從句了。

  e.g.《劍6》Test 3 This stage lasts for up to six weeks until the larva produces a cocoon of silk thread around itself.

  時間狀語從句是流程圖中常用的句式,還有常用的連接詞為while, since, when, after和before。

  e.g.《劍5》Test 1While the figures for the Western countries grew to about 15% in around 1990, the figure for Japan dipped to only 2.5% for much of this period.

  4.合并并列句

  在小作文的寫作中,中國學生最常用到的除了簡單句就是由and或者but, then引導的并列句。那么避免過多并列句重復的一個很好的方式就是使用非謂語動詞,即:分詞做狀語或者獨立主格。

  《劍7》Test 2中,對于雞肉這條線的描述,同學們都會描述為:雞肉的消耗量顯示出一個上升的趨勢,并且在1980年超過羊肉,在1989年超過了牛肉。大部分同學第一反應的句子都是:The consumption of chicken showed an upward trend and it overtook lamb in 1980 and that of beef in 1989.

  在這個句子中,and連接了兩個并列的簡單句,但兩個簡單句的主語是一樣的,這個時候同學們就要想到分詞作狀語,省略其中的一個主語,這個被省略的主語和它的動詞之間是主動關系。所以overtook變成現在分詞的形式,那么這句話就合并為:The consumption of chicken showed an upward trend, overtaking that of lamb in 1980...

  合并之后的句子既簡潔,也能夠符合歐美人的表達習慣,考官當然就會欣然給分。類似的表達方式還可以在很多的考官范文找到例證。有的同學可能會問,如果并列句的主語不一樣呢?

  e.g.《劍8》Test 1 These causes affected different regions differently in the 1990s, with Europe having a much as 9.8% of degradation due to deforestation.

  在這句話中,兩個簡單句主語不一樣,考官采用了獨立主格的方式,將想要置于從屬地位的簡單句主語保留,動詞主動關系就變成了現在分詞,然后加上了with,讓原本的并列句馬上顯的高大上,得分自然也就高大上了。

  5.主語多樣化

  以上的這些改換句式的方式可以很好的起到避免句式重復的方式,但是如果滿篇都是不同復合句的堆砌,多少會顯的文章過于矯情,這個時候變換簡單句就能很好的起到調節的作用。變換簡單句最直接的方式就是變換主語。英文的主語不同重點也會發生變化,所以能夠有效的起到避免重復的作用。最常用的變化主語就是there be句型。

  e.g.《劍5》Test 1 A more dramatic rise is predicted between 2030 and 2040 in Japan.

  在這個例句中,考官使用了被動語態,并且用了上升的名詞形式做了主語,使得簡單句也變得“不簡單”了。同樣的用法還出現在考官的其他范文中。

  e.g.《劍9》Test 2 This rise was particularly noticeable between 1999 and 2000.

  最后一個可以當做替換主語的是常常被忽略的時間段。比如說1989到2000這一段時間內見證了一個急劇的上升,這句話就可以寫成“The period of 1989 and 2000 witnessed a sharp increase.” 這樣的話就可以避免了常規的“上升”句式了。

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